ames Frank Hanly, was the twenty-fifth Governor of Indiana. He was born near St. Joseph, Champaign County, Illinois, on April 4, 1863. His opportunities for receiving an education were very limited. His parents being poor he was, of necessity, compelled to hire out as a farmhand and a laborer on various farms in his own county for meager earnings, part of which was contributed toward the support of his parents' family. By strict economy he was able to save enough money to take a short course of study at the Eastern Illinois Normal School at Danville. After the completion of this course he taught school for a number of years, working at manual labor in the summertime. He moved to Warren County in 1879.
While digging tile ditches in 1888, it was suggested to him by Judge Rabb, of Williamsport, that he participate in a local campaign, which he did, filling speaking engagements in Warren and adjoining counties. His speeches attracted considerable attention. He was admitted to the Warren County Bar in the year 1889 and at once began the practice of law.
IN the following year he was elected to the State Senate where he soon acquired considerable reputation as a forceful and successful debater. He was elected to Congress from the ninth district in 1894. After serving one term, he was defeated for renomination, due to a change in the boundaries of his congressional district. He moved to Lafayette in 1896 and formed a law partnership with Senator Will R. Wood. Hanly continued to take an active interest in public affairs and in 1899 was a candidate for United States Senator, being defeated in General Assembly by Albert J. Beveridge.
In 1904 he was nominated for Governor. At the conclusion of one of the greatest campaigns ever waged by a candidate for office he was elected by a majority of nearly 85,000 votes. Up to that time it was the greatest majority ever given to a gubernatorial candidate of either party in the State of Indiana.
His career as Governor was marked by the building of the Industrial School for Girls near Clermont, by the erection of the Coliseum on the State Fair Grounds, and by temperance legislation.
So strongly did Governor Hanly espouse the cause of prohibition that he called a special session of the Legislature, held on September 18, 1908, and the law providing the local option for Indiana on the county basis was passed.
After retiring as Governor he organized the Flying Squadron and was its President from 1817 to 1920. He lectured in every state of the Union, voicing his sentiments against the saloon. When the Volstead Act was passed he was one of the lawyers who appeared before the United States Supreme Court to offer argument upholding its constitutionality. In the year 1916 Governor Hanly was the Prohibition candidate for President of the United States. He was the author of several books and editor-in-chief of the "National Enquirer."
On Sunday, August 1, 1920, Governor Hanly was killed while riding in an automobile which was struck by a train six miles east of Dennison, Ohio. He was buried at Williamsport, Indiana.